Basics of currency trading in India:-

Launched in 2008, the currency derivative market has steadily grown in volume and serves as a platform for both hedging and speculation. Currency derivative is the way that resident investors explore this exciting world of foreign exchange.

Coming to the main question, why would be one be interested in trading or investing in currency futures.

One may be interested in investing in or trading currency derivatives for the following reason.

Trading: - The exchange rates keep fluctuating based on various data that is released by the government and the central banks of the country. So one might initiate a short or long position just to benefit from those small moves.

For example, If a trader thinks that the USD is going to strengthen against the INR then he/she will buy the pair. The prediction or speculation is right the pair will move higher and the trader will end up making money and vise versa.

Hedging: - A hedger takes a position in the currency derivatives to protect himself from the fluctuation in the exchange rates. These are people who either are supposed to make or receive a payment in foreign currency. It includes importers or exporters of goods and services.

For example, If an exporter has exported goods worth $1000 and will receive the payment in the next 3 months, a falling dollar is an underlying risk. Hence he can short USDINR futures to reduce the risk.

Low margin requirement: - This is one of the most motivating factors for most currency traders. The margin required for trading in currency is exceptionally low as compared to commodity and in some cases the equity.

What makes this proposition interesting? Like in equity derivatives, currencies to are cash-settled (no delivery) on a daily basis. This makes it.

  • Less expensive
  • Highly liquid in the near-term at least
  • For a margin maintained with the broker, investors can leverage their position based on risk appetite
  • no counterparty default risk (settled through clearinghouses.
  • low taxation
  • highly regulated market
  • Organizations with exposure to foreign exchange (through exports or imports) but do not enjoy facilities with banks to hedge the same, future exchanges provide a platform to hedge underlying risks

Deep dive in Currency Derivatives:-

  • Derivatives are exchange-traded contracts the value of which are derived from an underlying asset that has an intrinsic value.
  • Currency derivatives are exchange-traded futures and options contracts whose price movements depend on the underlying currency pair. For Ex the USDINR futures will move in tandem with the USDINR spot rates that keep changing depending on the data that is released, like the PMI, CPI, inflation, unemployment figures, etc. In currency trading and investing, currencies are considered in pairs like the Rupee-Dollar pair. So if someone has a bullish view on the Dollar he can buy the pair. Buying the pair also implies that the trader or investor is selling the rupee.

    In India, the USDINR, GBPINR, EURINR, and JPYINR are the most traded currency derivatives, along with the cross-currency pairs i.e. EURUSD, GPBUSD, and USDJPY.

  • Currency Derivatives are essentially financial instruments or contracts (also known as underlying variable market conditions such as bonds, stocks, or currencies) which base their value on spot market price results.
  • It is a deal between two traders that will mutually agree to exchange currency in the future at a fixed price. 'Derivatives' suggests that it derives value from the underlying value and that it has no independent value as well.
  • Bullion, shares, currency, commodities, stock market index, or something else, maybe underlying. The underlying would mean the currency exchange rate, from the point of view of currency derivatives. Derivatives help protect your portfolio against any risk, and can also be used for speculation and arbitrage productively.
  • there are 2 types of derivatives futures and options.
  • The currency market is also known as the foreign exchange market or forex which is a market where the world’s currencies change hands and it is the largest financial market in the world. Currencies are always quoted in pair USD/INR or EUR/USD and the pair value reflect the health of the economy

Things you must know about currency trading in India.

Stocks and share trading are well-known concepts. However, the majority of people are unaware of a high-potential sector. Currency trading is the name for this route. Allowing foreign currency trades offers you the ability to prosper if you can find the right opportunity and use it to your advantage. 

What is Currency Market?

Participants from all over the world participate in the international currency market. They trade in a variety of currencies. Banks, companies, central banks (such as the RBI in India), investment management firms, hedge funds, retail forex brokers, and individual investors all participate in currency trading. Forex trading is a legal means of earning money.

A glance at the Indian currency market:- 

In India, currency futures are settled in cash. This means that currency trade in India is not physically resolved, meaning that the currency is not delivered on expiry. When you inquire about the nature of currency trading, you are most likely referring to currency futures trading.

Currency futures are exchanged on platforms provided by exchanges such as the NSE, BSE, and MCX-SX. Typically, currency trading takes place from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. To trade in the live currency market, you must first open a forex trading account with a broker. You can open a Demat account if you want to. GEPL Capital is a licensed currency broker on the NSE, BSE, and MCX.

Things required for currency trading:- 

  • You may need a currency trading account to trade in currency in India. 
  • Follow the Customer KYC (Know Your Customer) guidelines.
  • Make a deposit for the necessary margin.
  • To begin, obtain the required access credentials from your broker.

Types of Currency Market:- 

There are two types of currency markets in the world. The first is the spot market, also known as the cash market. The second is the futures market, which trades currency futures. Futures are the preferred method of trading in the Indian currency market.

When to Buy or Sell Currency Pair?

The currency pair value is usually denoting the market’s opinion on the current and future health of the economy. If we buy USD/INR future we are betting that the US economy is currently doing well and going forward will get much better. This is also similar to buying a share in the US market. On the other hand, if we are selling USD/INR we are betting that the Indian economy is currently doing well and can outperform the US market.

    Why invest with us?

    Our experienced personnel advises you on strategies and timing of currency investments. We at GEPL capital invest time in research – both macro and micro to generate accurate conclusions. Our strong and dedicated fundamental and technical teams are well poised to advise customers on currency trading/investments. We also publish a currency derivative strategy on a periodic basis, based on our research. We have an excellent track record.


      Currency is the world’s largest market. Daily currency fluctuations define the dynamics & strength of economies around the world. The currency derivative market has steadily grown in volume and serves as a platform for both hedging and speculation. Currency derivative is the way that resident investors explore this exciting world of foreign exchange. Currencies are cash-settled (no delivery) on a daily basis.

      Benefits of Currencies

      • Highly liquid The daily trading of currencies in the near-term makes Currencies a highly liquid investment
      • Hedging you can hedge potential losses and protect your foreign exchange through appropriate actions.
      • Low Volatility (Least Risk)The forex markets provide the least volatile markets across all asset classes. As such the avenue corresponds to the least loss potential even on high turnovers.
      • The capital appreciation you can easily profit if the value of your currency rises against another currency.
      • Low Margin and High leverage for a margin maintained with the broker, investors can leverage their position based on risk appetite.
      • No Default RiskThere is no counter-party default risk as it is settled through clearinghouses.
      • Easy trade currency can be traded online, making it easier to trade from anywhere, anytime.


        You have accepted the terms and conditions and allow GEPL Capital and its group companies to contact you via the contact information provided even if you are registered for DND facility.

        Yes, same margin can be used to trade in both Equity and Currency segment.

        All Currency contracts – Futures and Options on NSE are cash-settled.

        In NSE for Currency Derivatives the trade timings are as follows: Trading Session- Monday to Friday- 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM Revise Timing will be: Monday to Friday- 9:00 AM to 7:30 PM

        All Currency contracts expire two working days prior to the last business day of the expiry month at 12:30PM.

        Following are the participants in Currency Trading: Traders-Importers/Exporters, Hedgers, Arbitrageurs, Speculators

        All currency futures & options contracts on exchange are net settled in cash in Indian Rupee. The final settlement price is the RBI Reference rate for each currency pair published on the last trading day for the expiry month.

        The size of each contract for different currency pairs on the exchange are as follows.

        Currency Pair Contract Size
        USDINR USD 1000
        EURINR EUR 1000
        GBPINR GBP 1000
        JPYINR JPY 100,000
        EURUSD (Cross-Currency Pair) EUR 1000
        GBPUSD (Cross-Currency Pair) GBP 1000
        USDJPY (Cross-Currency Pair) USD 1000

        All Resident Indians as defined in section 2(v) of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA, Act 42 of 1999) are eligible to trade in the Currency Derivatives segment. For participation by regulated entities, concurrence from respective regulators should be obtained. Currently, trading facility in Currency Derivatives at I-Sec will be offered to all Resident Individuals / HUFs / eligible Corporate fulfilling the FEMA criteria.

        Currency Derivatives are Future and Options contracts which you can buy or sell specific quantity of a particular currency pair at a future date. It is similar to the Stock Futures and Options but the underlying happens to be currency pair (i.e. USDINR, EURINR, JPYINR OR GBPINR) instead of Stocks. A future contract of USDINR of expiry 27th Jan, 2016 will be represented by symbol ‘FUTCUR-USDINR-27JAN2016’. A call option contract of USDINR of expiry 27th Jan, 2016 for Strike Price ‘66’ will be represented by symbol ‘OPTCUR-USDINR-27JAN2016-66-CE’.

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